Thoothukudi District, (Tamil : தூத்துக்குடி மாவட்டம்) also known as Tuticorin District is a district in Tamil Nadu state in southern India. The district was formed by dividing Thirunelveli district in 1986 and Thoothukudi is the district headquarters. The district is known for pearl cultivation, with an abundance of pearls being found in the seas offshore. It was formerly ruled by one of the oldest kingdoms in India, the Pandyan Dynasty with the port of Korkai through which trade with Rome happened. The archaeological site at Adichanallur holds the remains of the ancient Tamil civilisation. As of 2011, the district had a population of 1,750,176 with a sex-ratio of 1,023 females for every 1,000 males.
Thoothukudi District Location
Thoothukudi district is situated in the south-eastern corner of Tamil Nadu. It is bounded on the north by the districts of Tirunelveli, Virudhunagar, and Ramanathapuram, on the east and southeast by the Gulf of Mannar and on the west and southwest by Tirunelveli district. The total area of the district is 4621 km². The district of Thoothukudi was carved out as a separate district on 20 October 1986 as a result of bifurcation of the Tirunelveli district.
Thoothukudi District Water bodies
There are no large reservoirs in this district so the Papanasam and Manimuthar dams located in the Thirunelveli district in the Thamirabarani River’s flow are the main sources of irrigation. Other than the Thamirabarani River, the river Vaipar in Vilathikulam taluk, the river Karumeni which traverses through Sathankulam, and Tiruchendur taluks, Palayakayal are all sources.
Thoothukudi District Administrative divisions
Thoothukudi District is divided into three revenue divisions and eight taluks. There are forty-one revenue firkas and 480 revenue villages.
3 Revenue Divisions
- Thoothukudi Division
- Kovilpatti Division
- Tiruchendur Division
- Thoothukudi Taluk
- Srivaikundam Taluk
- Kovilpatti Taluk
- Ottapidaram Taluk
- Ettayapuram Taluk
- Vilathikulam Taluk
- Tiruchendur Taluk
- Sathankulam Taluk
The district is divided into twelve revenue blocks for rural and urban development. The twelve revenue blocks are
The district has one municipal corporation
- Thoothukudi Municipal Corporation
- Kayalpattinam Municipality
- Kovilpatti Municipality
nineteen town panchayats, and 403 panchayat villages.
Thoothukudi District Constituencies
There is one parliamentary constituency for the district,
- Thoothukudi Constituency
six assembly constituencies:
- Kovilpatti Assembly Constituency
- Ottapidaram Assembly Constituency
- Srivaikundam Assembly Constituency
- Tiruchendur Assembly Constituency
- Thoothukudi Assembly Constituency
- Vilathikulam Assembly Constituency
Thoothukudi District Demographics
According to 2011 census, Thoothukudi district had a population of 17,50,176 with a sex-ratio of 1,023 females for every 1,000 males, much above the national average of 929. A total of 1,83,763 were under the age of six, constituting 93,605 males and 90,158 females. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes accounted for 19.88% and 0.28% of the population respectively. The average literacy of the district was 77.12%, compared to the national average of 72.99%. The district had a total of 462,010 households. There were a total of 748,095 workers, comprising 44,633 cultivators, 161,418 main agricultural labourers, 17,872 in house hold industries, 433,524 other workers, 90,648 marginal workers, 3,882 marginal cultivators, 39,226 marginal agricultural labourers, 4,991 marginal workers in household industries and 42,549 other marginal workers.
Thoothukudi District Economy
Tuticorin port contributes majorly to the economy of the district besides providing employment. Tuticorin hosts industries such as SPIC, Sterlite, Tuticorin alkaline chemicals, DCW zirconium plant and numerous salt packing companies. Many coal based power plants are at various stages of commissioning. Kovilpatti consists of many small sized industry especially match stick industries.
Thoothukudi District Agriculture
Paddy is cultivated in the Palayakayal Srivaikundam, Sattankulam and Tiruchendur taluks. Cumbu, Cholam, Kuthiraivali and other pulses are raised in the dry tracts of Kovilpatti, Vilathikulam, Nagalapuram Ottapidaram, and Thoothukudi taluks. Cotton is cultivated in Kovilpatti, Ottapidaram and Thoothukudi Taluks. Groundnut cultivation is undertaken in Kovilpatti, Tiruchendur, and Sattankulam taluks. Groundnut cake is being used as manure and cattle feed. Nagalapuram makes its economy to be solely dependent agriculture. Main business of this area is dry chilly, cholam, cumbu wood charcoal, etc. With 35% share, the district is the top producer of Cumbu in Tamil Nadu. Palmyrah trees are grown mostly in Tiruchendur, Srivaikundam, Sattankulam and Vilathikulam taluks. Jaggery is produced from palmyrah juice; the production of jaggery is the main occupation of the people of Tiruchendur and Sattankulam taluks. Banana and other vegetables are raised in Srivaikundam and Tiruchendur taluks.
Thoothukudi District Salt production
The district constitutes 70 per cent of the total salt production of Tamil Nadu and 30 per cent of that of India. Tamil Nadu is the second largest producer of Salt in India next to Gujarat.
Thoothukudi District Transport
National Highway 45B, 7A and State Highways SH-32, 33, 40, 44, 75, 76, 77, 93, 176 connect to other parts of the State. Government buses connect the district with other parts of state. Vanchimaniyachi and Tuticorin station are major stations of Indian railway. The Port of Tuticorin provides container services. Tuticorin Airport is situated near Vaigaikulam and currently has flights from Chennai. Tuticorin is the one of the cities which is having four ways of transportation (Road ways, Airways, Seaways and Railways).
Thoothukudi District Education
There are numerous educational institutions, colleges, schools providing education. The Agricultural College and Research Institute, Killikulam was established in 1984 – 85 as the third constituent College of Tamil Nadu Agricultural University.
Thoothukudi District Tourism
Apart from being a commercial Center, this is an exotic tourist attraction for its sunny and pristine sandy beaches. Sea sports like surfing and paragliding facilities are also available. There are a lot religious and historically important places around Tuticorin. The district headquarter is well connected by road, rail, air and sea. People of the district hope to generate significant revenue from developing tourism sector.
- Kulasekharapatnam Beach.
- Lord Subramanya Temple, Thiruchendur.
- Holy Cross Church, Manapad.
- Harbour Beach,Tuticorin.
- Roche Park,Tuticorin.
- Pearl Beach, Tuticorin.
- Our Lady of Snows Basilica, Tuticorin.
- Panchalankurichi, a village with historic importance.
- Kayalpattinam Beach.
- Samanar palli, Kalugumalai.
- Hare Island,Tuticorin.
Thoothukudi District Notable people
- Subramanya Bharathi, Freedom fighter, poet, journalist, Indian independence activist and social reformer.
- V. O. Chidambaram Pillai, also known as Kappalottiya Tamilan.
- Shiv Nadar, Indian industrialist and philanthropist. He is the founder and chairman of HCL Technologies.
- Veerapandiya Kattabomman.
- Alagumuthu Kone.
- Veeran Sundaralingam were from the district.
- Ramanichandran, a prolific Tamil romance novelist, and presently the best-selling author in the Tamil language.